Categories
GNU/Linux

GNU/Linux STUNNEL Server config

Server STUNNEL config…

;debug = 7
;output = stunnel.log
cert = HU-TEST-SERVER.pem
verify = 3
CAfile = HU-TEST-KEYSTORE.pem
[test]
accept = 7080
connect = fq.host.name:7080
Categories
PowerShell Scripting

PowerShell TCP Socket Function

The PowerShell function example below can be used to transmit information using the TCP protocol. For example, to perform an HTTP GET command on a website.

function fnTCPSock([string]$sHostName, [string]$sPort, [string]$sScript) {
  # Converteer script string to byte for write stream...
  [byte[]]$byteScript = [System.Text.Encoding]::ASCII.GetBytes($($sScript))
  # Open 4096 Bytes buffer for read stream...
  [byte[]]$byteBuffer = New-Object System.Byte[] 16384
  
  # Connect to host...
  $oTCPSock = New-Object System.Net.Sockets.TcpClient($sHostName, $sPort)
  $oStream = $oTCPSock.GetStream() 
  
  # Feed script(byte) tot write stream...
  $oStream.Write($byteScript, 0, $byteScript.Length)

  # Return read buffer converted to string...
  [string]$sCount = $oStream.Read($byteBuffer, 0, 16384)
  return [System.Text.Encoding]::ASCII.GetString($byteBuffer, 0, $sCount) 

  # Close objects...
  $oResult.Close()
  $oSockTCP.Close()
}
[string]$sScript1 = "GET / HTTP/1.1`r`nAccept: text/html`r`nHost: [virtualhostname]`r`nReferer: http://host.domain.name/site/`r`n`r`n`r`n"
[string]$sResult1 = fnTCPSock "hostname" "80" $($sScript1)
Categories
Networking

Netwerk IPv4 Subnetting

max aantal subnetten: 2^n (-2) // n = aantal masked bits *subnet* mask
max aantal hosts in subnet = 2^n -2 // n = ongemaskeerde bits

next multiple of 8 = next mult. of 8 greater or eq. to CIDR netmask not.
interesting value = (next multiple of 8) / 8

incremental value = 2^ (next multiple of 8 - CIDR netmask notation)

bijv. 192.168.10.50/27:
incremental value = 2^(32-27) = 2^5 = 32
interesting value = 32 / 8 = 4
netwerkadressen: 192.168.10.0, 192.168.10.32, 192.168.10.64, enz.
broadcastadressen: 192.168.10.31, 192.168.10.63, 192.168.10.95, enz.
netwerk 192.168.10.32
broadcast 192.168.1.63 (192.168.10.(64-1))

bijv. 10.6.127.255/14:
incremental value: 2^(16-14) = 2^2 = 4
interesting value = 16 / 8 = 2
netwerkadres: 10.4.0.0
broadcast: 10.7.255.255 ( 10.(8.0.0-1)